Coed Camlyn National Nature Reserve
Coed Camlyn NNR is part of the extensive and dramatic wooded landscape of the Vale of Ffestiniog, south of the village of Maentwrog. Rising steeply from the River Dwyryd valley floor, the reserve is home to numerous species of woodland birds, and the cliffs at the upper end of the wood provide good nesting sites for ravens. These woodlands are the last remnants of the Atlantic oakwoods. Due to their steep rocky gorges and waterfalls they have very high humidity and are sometimes referred to as temperate rain forests. These woods are home to rare and endangered ferns, mosses, liverworts, lichens and fungi that are relicts of the last Ice Age. The woodlands also provide the ideal habitat for birds, insects and mammals – particularly bats. During the spring and summer the woodlands are alive with birdsong and among the breeding birds are redstarts, pied flycatchers, nuthatches and wood warblers, plus woodpeckers.
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About The area
The county of Gwynedd is home to most of the Snowdonia National Park – including the wettest spot in Britain, an arête running up to Snowdon’s summit that receives an average annual rainfall of 4,473mm. With its mighty peaks, rivers and strong Welsh heritage (it has the highest proportion of Welsh-speakers in all of Wales), it’s always been an extremely popular place to visit and live. The busiest part is around Snowdon; around 750,000 people climb, walk or ride the train to the summit each year.
Also in Gwynedd is the Llyn Peninsula, a remote part of Wales sticking 30 miles out into the Irish Sea. At the base of the peninsula is Porthmadog, a small town linked to Snowdonia by two steam railways – the Welsh Highland Railway and the Ffestiniog Railway. Other popular places are Criccieth, with a castle on its headland overlooking the beach, Pwllheli, and Abersoch and the St Tudwal Islands. Elsewhere, the peninsula is all about wildlife, tranquillity, and ancient sacred sites. Tre’r Ceiri hill fort is an Iron Age settlement set beside the coastal mountain of Yr Eifl, while Bardsey Island, at the tip of the peninsula, was the site of a fifth-century Celtic monastery.
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