Coed Cymerau National Nature Reserve
The Coed Cymerau NNR near Blaenau Ffestiniog lies at the head of the Vale of Ffestiniog in the steep wooded gorge of the Afon Goedol. Because of their high humidity, the temperate ‘rain forest’ of these woodlands provides the ideal habitat for ferns, lichens and mosses, and more than 200 species of liverworts. Many of the rare ferns, mosses, liverworts, lichens and fungi are relicts of the last Ice Age. Woodland flowers include bluebells and wood sorrel. During the spring and summer the woodlands are alive with birdsong and among the breeding birds are redstarts, pied flycatchers, nuthatches and wood warblers, plus woodpeckers. Animals such as bank vole and long-tailed field mouse make their home in the woodlands, and are sometimes victims to hunting buzzards. The woodlands also provide ideal habitat for bats. Along the edges of the stream otters can sometimes be seen hunting for fish, frogs and other amphibians.
Also in the Area
About The area
The county of Gwynedd is home to most of the Snowdonia National Park – including the wettest spot in Britain, an arête running up to Snowdon’s summit that receives an average annual rainfall of 4,473mm. With its mighty peaks, rivers and strong Welsh heritage (it has the highest proportion of Welsh-speakers in all of Wales), it’s always been an extremely popular place to visit and live. The busiest part is around Snowdon; around 750,000 people climb, walk or ride the train to the summit each year.
Also in Gwynedd is the Llyn Peninsula, a remote part of Wales sticking 30 miles out into the Irish Sea. At the base of the peninsula is Porthmadog, a small town linked to Snowdonia by two steam railways – the Welsh Highland Railway and the Ffestiniog Railway. Other popular places are Criccieth, with a castle on its headland overlooking the beach, Pwllheli, and Abersoch and the St Tudwal Islands. Elsewhere, the peninsula is all about wildlife, tranquillity, and ancient sacred sites. Tre’r Ceiri hill fort is an Iron Age settlement set beside the coastal mountain of Yr Eifl, while Bardsey Island, at the tip of the peninsula, was the site of a fifth-century Celtic monastery.
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