Tennyson's Freshwater

From lofty downland with magnificent coastal views to tranquil estuary scenes.


Freshwater Bay


6.1 miles (9.8kms)

732ft (223m)

About the walk

A way from the bustle of the resort towns, West Wight is a quieter, less populated area of great natural beauty, offering areas of open countryside, rugged cliffs, wonderful views and fascinating wildlife. This exhilarating ramble encapsulates the contrasting landscapes of the area, from the wildlife-rich tidal estuary of the River Yar to magnificent chalk headlands and hills with their breathtaking views.

Solitary Walks

Of the many literary greats who sought seclusion and inspiration on the island during the 19th century, it was the poet Alfred, Lord Tennyson who chose to reside in West Wight. Tennyson and his wife Emily first came to Farringford House, a castellated late-Georgian house (now a hotel) set in parkland beneath Tennyson Down, in 1853. From the drawing room he could look out across Freshwater Bay and the slopes of Afton Down, a view he believed to be the most beautiful in England - 'Mediterranean in its richness and charm'. Almost daily he would take long solitary walks across the chalk downland, enjoying the bracing air, which he declared to be 'worth sixpence a pint'. The island inspired some of his greatest poems. The Charge of the Light Brigade was written on the Down that now bears his name, and Maud, Enoch Arden and the Idylls of the King at Farringford.

Tennyson's poetry was so popular that he soon became one of the richest poets in the country. Combined with his magnetic genius and personality, he soon changed the face of West Wight, as tiny Freshwater became the cultural centre of England, attracting the most eminent Victorians of his age - Charles Kingsley, Garibaldi, Lewis Carroll, Charles Darwin, Prince Albert - to name but a few. Farringford was the perfect place to entertain friends and celebrities, despite or because of its remoteness, but it was his time spent alone wandering the Downs or with his wife Emily in their fine garden that made Farringford so special. They bought a house on the mainland and only returned to Farringford for the winter, when they would be undisturbed. Alfred died in 1892 and Emily nearly four years later in 1896. Memories of the great man and his family are dotted along this walk.

On Tennyson Down you will find the granite monument erected in his honour in 1897. On quieter days you can imagine the poet striding up the hill, dressed in his flowing Spanish cloak, wide-brimmed hat and stout holly stick, for his favourite downland walk. In Freshwater, step inside All Saints Church to view the memorials to the family, while in the peaceful churchyard you will find Emily's grave and a lovely view across the serene estuary of the River Yar.

Walk directions

From the car park, turn right along the road, then left before the bus shelter along a metalled track, signed 'Coastal Path'. After 50yds (46m) bear right through a gate and follow the well-walked path, a gateway and up to the memorial cross at the summit of Tennyson Down.

Continue down the wide grassy swathe, veering right, which narrows between gorse bushes, to reach the replica of the Old Nodes Beacon. Here, turn very sharp right down a chalk track. Continue through a gate and at a junction (car park right) keep straight on up the narrow path. At the top turn left onto grassy track.

The path widens, then descends to a kissing gate into woodland. Proceed close to the woodland fringe before emerging into more open countryside. Passing a gate on the left, just beyond a disused pit on your right, turn left at a waymarker post down a narrower path. Go through a kissing gate, then follow the enclosed path to a kissing gate. Pass through and then walk along fenced path to a gate into a field and then another straight away out of the field.

Turn right and follow path passing a farm on your left and then cross gravel track and take the bridleway beside the wall of Farringford and then pass beneath a wooden footbridge. Continue downhill to a gate and the road. (Turn left if you wish to visit Farringford). Turn right, then, opposite the thatched church (St Agnes), turn left down Blackbridge Road. After passing a pillbox on your left and just a few paces before the bridge, turn left into Afton Marsh Nature Reserve.

Join the nature trail, following it across a footbridge and beside the stream to the A3055 (this can be very wet in winter). Turn left and almost immediately cross over to join the bridleway (F61) along the course of the old railway. In 0.5 miles (800m) reach The Causeway.

Turn right passing Tideways Cottage and follow this down to the B3399. Turn left and shortly cross onto unmetalled Manor Road. In a few paces, bear left through a gate on a public right of way over private property, and ascend across grassland towards Afton Down.

Keep ahead at a junction of paths beside the golf course, soon to follow the gravel track right to the clubhouse. Pass in front of the building to reach the access track, keeping left to the A3055. Turn right downhill, on the pavement into Freshwater Bay and the car park.

Additional information

Downland, field and woodland paths, some road walking and stretch of disused railway

Downland, farmland, freshwater marsh and salt marsh

Let off lead on Tennyson Down unless signs state otherwise and along old railway

AA Walker's Map 16 Isle of Wight

Pay-and-display car park at Freshwater Bay

Freshwater Bay

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About the area